If people knew how much I really cried, maybe they would stop treating me like shit
The Other Side of Carnival (there are 2 previews, film begins at 2:50)
The Other Side of Carnival (2010) is a 45-minute documentary that explores Carnival’s social and economic impact on Trinidad & Tobago. With more than 60 interviews from professors, medical staff, police officers, government officials, students, tourists, every day locals and more, The Other Side of Carnival is able to highlight that while Carnival is an exciting occasion, it is a festival that creates turmoil, which is not widely visible…or is it just simply ignored? Known as “The Greatest Show on Earth”, this documentary captures the roots of Carnival and how far some go to keep the original idea alive, and how others attempt to integrate change.
Hot summer days after a spirited game of tag and gravel….
SCREWBALL WAS THE BEST.
Me before the police beat me to death and empty a clip in my back
When students learn about slavery in school, a lot of them often ask this question: “Why didn’t they fight back?” It’s a question that often remains unanswered because lesson plans don’t always address the grittier elements of history, particularly the slave trade.
But they did fight back. And one of them, Gaspar Yanga, changed history forever.
Often referred to as the “first liberator of the Americas,” Yanga was a leader of a slave rebellion in Mexico during the early period of Spanish colonial rule around 1570. By the year 1609, the large number of escaped slaves had reduced much of rural Mexico to desperation, especially in the mountains in the state of Veracruz.
Taking refuge in the difficult terrain of the highlands, Yanga and his people built a small maroon colony, or “Palenque”—a community of runaway slaves living on mountaintops. The colony grew for more than 30 years, partially surviving by capturing caravans bringing goods to Veracruz. In 1609, the Spanish colonial government decided to try to regain control of the territory.
Spanish troops, numbering around 550, set out from Puebla in January 1609. The maroons facing them were an irregular force of 100 fighters with some type of firearm and 400 more with primitive weapons such as stones, machetes, and bows and arrows. These maroon troops were led by Francisco de la Matosa, an Angolan. Yanga—who was quite old by this time—decided to use his troops’ superior knowledge of the terrain to resist the Spaniards. His goal was to cause the Spaniards enough pain to draw them to the negotiating table.
Upon the approach of the Spanish troops, Yanga sent terms of peace, including an area of self-rule. The Spaniards refused the terms and the two groups fought a battle that lasted for many years. Finally, unable to win indefinitely, the Spaniards agreed to give Yanga’s followers their freedom in exchange for ending the constant raids in the area and gain their help in tracking down other escaped slaves.
Additional conditions were also met, including:
1. Upon surrender, Yanga and his people would receive a farm as well as the right of self-government;
2. Only Franciscan priests would tend to the people; and
3. Yanga’s family would be granted the right of rule.
In 1618, the treaty was signed, and by 1630, the town of San Lorenzo de los Negros de Cerralvo was established. The town name of “San Lorenzo de los Negros” was officially changed to Yanga, Veracruz in 1956. This town of more than 20,000 people remains under the name of Yanga today.
» Contributed by Raymond Ward, DuSable Museum of African American History.
Here is the most important nugget in the entire bio: “slave rebellion in Mexico.” Many Mexicans are quick to say there is no black in their ancestry…
Ademas: “Herman Bennett’s book, Africans in Colonial Mexico, contributes to this effort by examining sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Mexico City, the capital of a colony that for much of this period held the second largest African slave population and the largest free black population in the Americas."
So yea. There’s that. A lot of mixing and mingling and “marrying” and of course raping going on so aside from the obvious AfroMexican enclaves, Costa Chica etc., there was mixing into mainstream…as it happened in every place in Latin America. Africans and their descendants became “absorbed” into this “mestizaje,” so much so that you don’t have to “LOOK” stereotypically Afro to BE an Afrodescendant.
"My Mama Told Me Live My Life & Learn From Lessons, I’ll Teach My Daughter The Same, Right & Wrong Is Really Always What You Make It, I Understand My Place Yea I Will Live & Learn". Kid Cudi X Daughter Vada…
Vetches and passion flowers have modified some of their leaves and converted them into tendrils. These grope around in space until they touch the stem of another plant and swiftly coil around it. The tendrils then coil and pull the plant up towards the sunlight.
Let me find out…
IMPORTANT MOMENT IN BLACK HISTORY
When all else fails do the dame dash
There was pizza. And rich people making jokes about being broke.
I’ve recently gotten reunited with the color pink, especially the softer shades. I feel ultra-feminine and sometimes even happier when I wear it.
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